Lesson 3a

— Look ! What pretty animals I have ! 

Aram says : I have a black cat.

Ani : And I have a green bird and animals of several kinds.

Aram : Yes, your animals are very pretty. 

 

Aram and Ani have several kinds of animals. They have white mice, blnk cats, green birds. 

 

Ani goes home and calls Aram : "Come and have a look, what pretty ,ntnals I have!" 

 

 

USE OF THE VERB “TO HAVE” ՈՒՆԻՄ “, INDICATIVE, PRESENT TENSE,  

AFFIRMATIVE FORM, SINGULAR AND PLURAL.

 

ՈւնիմI have

ունիսYou have

ունիHe (she) has

ունինքWe have

ունիքYou have

ունինThey have 

Example :

տունմըունիմI have a house

ՏունմըունիսYou have a house

ՏունմըունիHe (she) has a house

ՏունմըունինքWe have a house

ՏունմըունիքYou have a house

ՏունմըունինThey have a house

 

The verb “ՈՒՆԻՄ is not a full verb. It is only conjugated in the indicative present and imperfect.  For the other tenses, one uses the verb “ՈՒՆԵՆԱԼ  “. It is a full verb. Its indicative present  is : Կ՛ունենամ, կ՛ունենաս, կ՛ունենայ, կ՛ունենանք, կ՛ունենաք, կ՛ունենան

 

 

FORMATION  OF THE PLURAL OF THE WORDS

 

The plural is generally formed by adding “եր   “ if the word is monosyllabic and “ներ   “ if the word is polysyllabic.

   Monosyllabic words         Polysyllabic  words

   SingularPlural       Singular           Plural

   տուն տուներ                      պա-տու- հան       պատուհաններ

   գիրքգիրքեր                        ան-տառ                անտառներ

   նաւնաւեր                                   կա-տու            կատուներ

Example :  շուներ  ունիմ     I have dogs.         կեն-դա-նի-ներ  ունիմ   I have animals.

 

However, there are exceptions :

First, some monosyllabic nouns, that, in the classical language, used to end by a  “ն  “, have lost this final “ն  “ in the singular but this “ն “ appears before the vowel of the monosyllabic suffix in the plural.

Example : SingularPlural

     դուռ(ն)դռներ

     լեռ(ն)լեռներ

Second, the word “մարդ “ (man, human being) becomes “մարդիկ “ in the plural (men) and the word “տղայ “ (child) becomes “տղաք “  (children).

 

 

 

THE VERB “TO BE”, INDICATIVE PLURAL PRESENT TENSE

AND THE PLURAL PERSONAL PRONOUN

 

 

ենThey are

 

Example :     

անոնք, իրենք   Հայ  ենThey are Armenian

 

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